RELATED: Suicides dramatically increasing across Ohio, report finds
Between 2007 and 2018, suicide deaths increased 45 percent among all age groups and by 56 percent among youths ages 10 to 24, according to state health officials. Since 2007, 20,196 people in Ohio have died by suicide, including 1,715 in 2019 and 90 so far this year, according to the latest data from the state department of health.
“It’s all right in alignment with what we’re seeing in Butler County,” said Kristina Latta-Landefeld of Envision Partnerships, a local non-profit that works to help people live healthy and, drug-free lives. “There have been significant effort in the county (to curtail suicides) and I think that we were a little bit on the earlier end within the state” in creating a county suicide-prevention plan.
The most common method of suicide is firearms. Across the country, six in 10 firearms deaths are suicides.
DeWine said his Strong Ohio plan to address gun violence, Senate Bill 221, will save people.
“Yes, I’m sure it’ll prevent some suicides,” he said.
“When someone dies by suicide it impacts an entire community. It doesn’t just impact a family, it impacts an entire community and it shakes that community to its core,” said Tony Coder, director of the Ohio Suicide Prevention Foundation.
People need to change their own approach to the issue, Coder said, noting that families dealing with cancer are offered support and empathy but the same isn’t extended to families who struggling with suicide.
“What it does, in terms of the governor even having words about this is it states the importance of it,” Latta-Landefeld said. “It just further helps the work that we’re doing locally. It can’t all be answered through a state budget, but what that state budget does is says, ‘This is important to us. We have to put attention to it.’”
The governor’s message also should serve as a signal to agencies across the state that it’s important to provide anti-suicide skills and resources to young people, Latta-Landefeld said.
Warning signs of suicide include: major change in mood or behavior; high-risk behaviors such as drug use; expressing feelings of hopelessness; self-harm such as cutting or burning; change in energy, appetite or sleep schedule.
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Experts suggest the following ways to help someone showing warning signs: ask directly about suicidal thoughts; listen to their needs; keep lethal means away from them; call 911 if necessary; connect them with the National Suicide Prevention hotline at 1-800-273-8255; and encourage them to seek counseling.
Latta-Landefeld said while youth suicide has increased at “alarming” rates, middle-aged people have higher levels of fatal suicide attempts, particularly among males (although females have many unsuccessful attempts). Other demographic groups that are at risk, she noted, are LGBTQ people, especially youths, and also veterans and people in the military.
She agreed with the governor that an important part of preventing suicides is keeping guns and other lethal means away from people thinking about suicide, because, “It’s death by firearms that has those numbers so high.”
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Suicide is a complex problem with multiple risk factors. Root causes of depression and anxiety include a lack of healthy coping skills; barriers to receiving care, including stigma; high levels of stress and trauma due to loss of jobs, the addiction crisis and high rates of domestic violence; and a lack of community connectedness.
People contemplate suicide for lots of reasons, Ohio Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services Director Lori Criss.
“The important thing is to recognize that contemplating suicide and those thoughts are usually brief and if there is an opportunity to create that environment where kids feel safe talking at home, at school, to trusted adults, to their friends, then that time can be intervened and there can be services that help them not contemplate suicide,” she said.
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Insurance companies are required by federal law to cover mental health and drug addiction issues on par with physical illness.
The DeWine administration is working to improve state websites and education material to help consumers understand the “mental health parity” law, Criss said.
DeWine encouraged Ohioans who believe they’re not receiving legally required insurance benefits to make a complaint to state authorities.
“We’re not seeing that happen,” he said. “That needs to happen when people are finding there is in fact a problem.”