If a juvenile who is not under court supervision runs away, parents typically file a missing person/unruly complaint with local police, and the information is entered into a state database with the local agency investigating.
Once a juvenile runaway is found, law enforcement must decide whether detention is warranted, Clevenger said. They consider history of previous runaway incidents, ongoing conflict at the time of the return or whether the youth can be returned home and cited to court. Even then, the final decision as to whether the youth will be held remains with juvenile detention intake staff.
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“While juveniles may be held in secure detention on an unruly (runaway) charge, federal regulations strongly discourage secure detention for unruly youth. If the circumstances do dictate the need for JDC, the system will work aggressively to expedite release, trying to find an alternative to secure detention, generally by the following morning,” Clevenger said.
Middletown police Detective Tom McIntosh, a veteran of the force, is now assigned to investigate juvenile cases. The department gets about two to three reports a week. He said 80 percent of the runaways have returned in 48 hours and about three percent are gone longer than six months.
Most are upset with rules at home or wanting to be with a boyfriend or girlfriend. McIntosh said many of them are very good at disappearing, depending on the sympathy of others and friends, until they decide to return home.
“I have been chasing bad guys for 30 years, finding a guy with a warrant is nothing compared to a 13- to 18-year-old girl who doesn’t want to be found,” McIntosh said.
He said in many cases parents think the worst. But after a calming down, they admit they don’t believe the teen was taken against their will.
That doesn’t mean police don’t search for the missing teens, he said. He recalled a case of a teen who moved to Middletown from New York City with her mother.
“She didn’t like it and ran away,” McIntosh said. “She took up with an older male and was about to get a fake ID and credit card. She turned up in her old neighborhood where her grandmother lives. She has been gone a year now.”
And he has searched for months for a teen who ran away to Kentucky with her boyfriend. He gets calls indicating she is safe, and when she turns 18 she will come home. Tracking the number she is using has been fruitless, and addresses checked by the local sheriff have turned up nothing.
“The vast majority come home,” McIntosh said, noting most do not go far.
“But we always investigate,” he said.
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Runaway investigations and consequences
• Middletown police get about 2 to 3 runaway reports per week
• 80 percent of runaways return in 48 hours
• About 3 percent are gone longer than six months
• Runaway juveniles already on Butler County Juvenile Court probation supervision go to juvenile detention awaiting court action.
Source: Butler County police and juvenile court officials