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Reduce the risk
Since the virus primarily spreads through a bite from an infected mosquito, there are ways to reduce your risk of getting infected. Some ways to avoid bites include wearing light color clothing, which is less attractive to mosquitoes, using EPA registered mosquito repellent, and installing or repairing screens on windows and doors to keep mosquitoes out of your home.
Eliminate standing water
You can also eliminate mosquito breeding sites around your home by eliminating standing water, emptying or removing water-holding containers like buckets, unused flower pots and bird baths, and keeping child wading pools empty and on their sides when not being used.
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Symptoms of West Nile
About one in five people who become infected develop a fever with other symptoms such as headache, body aches, joint pains, vomiting, diarrhea, or rash, according to the Ohio Department of Health. Less than 1 percent of infected people develop a serious neurological illness, such as encephalitis or meningitis (inflammation of the brain or surrounding tissues). There are no medications to treat or vaccines to prevent West Nile virus infection.
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