While infant mortality rates have dropped significantly for whites during the past five years, they have not for blacks, and have worsened for Hispanics in the county since 2013.
MORE: Butler County receives funding to combat infant mortality
Butler County’s infant mortality rates have nearly been cut in half during recent years:
- 2013 — 9.6 deaths per 1,000 live births (9.8 for non-Hispanic whites; 10.2 for non-Hispanic blacks; and 6.3 for Hispanics);
- 2014 — 8.8 per 1,000 (8.6 for whites; 6.8 for blacks; and 11.5 for Hispanics)
- 2015 — 7.2 per 1,000 (5.6 for whites; 21.2 for blacks; and 7.9 for Hispanics)
- 2016 — 6.9 per 1,000 (4.5 for whites; 16.3 for blacks; and 12.1 for Hispanics)
- 2017 — 5.2 per 1,000 (3.3 for whites; 12.1 for blacks; and 9.2 for Hispanics)
But Andrew Schwartz, epidemiologist for Butler County Partnership to Reduce Infant Mortality, said while the county’s infant-mortality rates have dropped, “there is a large gap between white and black infant mortality with black babies dying almost 4 times more often than white babies.”
The Rev. Ruth Kelly, pastor of Greater Faith Baptist Church in Middletown isn’t sure which Sunday she will address the mortality issue during a service’s morning announcements. That will depend partly on when she receives promotional baby rattles that she will distribute.
“I want to have the rattlers so we can shake them,” she said with a laugh. “I’m going to have them available so the whole congregation will have a rattler, so all the children, all the adults, can celebrate.”
Kelly said her church, in an economically challenged part of Middletown, has about 100 people on its rolls, with 30-50 attending services on a typical Sunday.
“We see single-parent moms that come into the church, and even a couple of single-parent dads,” Kelly said. “Dealing with moms who have needs where some of them deal with having to raise children on their own — some of them don’t have transportation, which is a barrier. Some of them don’t have the health care that they need.”
One of the most helpful services available in Butler County to families, Kelly believes, is United Way’s three-digit telephone number, 211, which can connect families with services including medical care, nutrition help, smoking-cessation classes, and a variety of other services, plus transportation to such services.
Here’s a pregnancy tip many people don’t think about: “Spacing children out properly, to make sure our bodies are healing well before we have the next child,” Kelly said. “Sometimes moms don’t wait long enough for our womb to heal properly before we have our next child.”
Kelly believes education and awareness are key to continuing improvement of death rates.
As for the differences between death rates for blacks and whites, she believes “it all comes down to education and awareness. Where we are not getting the information out enough, making others aware, and advocating for those who need to know.”
“If we could make things equitable for everyone, then we could make great change,” she said.
Bailer said there are many ways to help pregnant women and new mothers avoid infant deaths.
“At the Butler County General Health District we focus on three areas preventing preterm birth, smoking cessation and safe sleep for babies,” Bailer said. “However, it will take the efforts across the community to support our high-risk mothers, we are hopeful that this awareness campaign with churches will inspire residents to action.”
FIXES FOR INFANT MORTALITY
Here are some ways to reduce infant mortality, according to Butler County health officials and the Rev. Ruth Kelly:
- Smoking and second-hand smoke are harmful to infants, before and after they are born.
- Mothers who enter prenatal care early help themselves and their babies greatly.
- Using safe sleep practices reduces crib deaths.
- It's helpful to let a mother's body heal in between pregnancies.
- Mothers should know that help for themselves and their babies is available, even if they cannot afford it. One way to find that help in Butler County is by dialing the United Way's help line, which is the three-digit number, 211.
- Premature births are a leading cause of infant deaths here, so it's important to take steps that increase the odds of a full-term pregnancy.
- Pregnant women should see their doctors before they show. They also should enroll in various programs that help with medical care, nutrition, smoking cessation, prenatal care and transportation assistance.
- Friends and family should let pregnant women know about the services available to them.