encephalitis (inflammation of the brain) or meningitis (inflammation of the lining of the brain and spinal cord).
In Ohio, the primary vector is the northern house mosquito.
Mosquitoes become infected when they feed on infected birds. Infected mosquitoes can then spread the virus to humans and other animals when they bite.
RELATED: West Nile Virus -- What you need to know
Approximately 80 percent of people infected with West Nile Virus will not show any symptoms, but there is
no way to know in advance if you will develop an illness. Those who do develop symptoms usually do
so between three to 14 days after they are bitten by the infected mosquito.
The CCCHD has sent an alert to the local medical community to facilitate quicker human diagnosis of West
PHOTO: Waco Park, in Troy, Ohio, where last week mosquitoes tested positive for West Nile Virus. (Kate Bartley/Staff)
There is no specific treatment for West Nile infection. Care is based on symptoms. The best way to avoid the virus infection is to prevent mosquito bites.
In response to the confirmed presence of the virus, CCCHD is
Inspecting the affected area and working with property owners to reduce breeding sources by draining
stagnant water or treating stagnant water with products deemed safe for humans and pets.
Distributing informational flyers in the affected area.
Misting the affected area to reduce the adult mosquito population when weather permits. While safe for humans and pets, residents who have a concern about misting may opt out by calling
937-390-5600 or emailing the request and their address to email@example.com.
Continuing to monitor for the virus.
For more, contact the CCCHD at 937-390-5600 or go to www.ccchd.com.