It’s been three years since then, and the problem still looms.
Now, two months into the 2019, a solution that both sides can agree to remains out of reach. For Rita and other affected retirees, it’s a unique brand of purgatory, tempered by high hopes and deep disappointments.
“We always get so close to something, then there’s a major development, whether it’s a hurricane or a disaster and the pecking order changes,” she said.
“I’m told it’s a priority,” said Mike Walden, head of the Teamsters’ National United Committee to Protect Pensions. “It’s just the shutdown has taken away some things and readjusted the priorities.”
Walden, a retired truck driver from Cuyahoga Falls, was a member of the Central States’ pension program — a multi-employer pension that allowed employers to pool resources and provide workers with retirement security.
The plans, negotiated by unions, were administered by trustees selected by the union and employers and were a key part of collective bargaining: Many of those in the Central States plan, offered the choice of higher salaries or better retirement, chose the latter. But by the mid-2000s, that choice suddenly went bad: the retirement of the Baby Boomers and a variety of other factors put the many pensions at risk.
In 2015, Central States offered a plan that would slash retirees’ benefits. The Treasury Department ultimately rejected that plan, but the pensioners have remained in limbo ever since.
Brown, an Ohio Democrat who co-chaired the joint committee tasked with solving the problem, has vowed to fight on. Even as he weighs a bid for the White House, he insists his commitment to solving the problem hasn’t changed. Last year he introduced a bill named after Butch Lewis that aimed to solve the crisis by creating a loan program for plans in critical, declining and insolvent status.
“Except for keeping the government open, there is no greater legislative priority in my mind,” he said.
Portman, an Ohio Republican who also served on the committee, was named this year to chair the Senate Finance Committee’s Subcommittee on Social Security, Pensions and Family Policy, and said the endangered pensions are very much on his mind.
Letting the pensions fail, he said, “would hurt the entire economy.”
“I hope we’ll be able to use this forum, this subcommittee to be able to get back to where we were at the end of last year, when we were very close to an agreement,” he said, saying that solution would likely include “shared responsibility” with pensioners, companies, retirees and the government weighing in to fix the problem.
Elsewhere, the environment has shifted. With Democrats now holding the House majority, and Rep. Richard Neal, the chair of the powerful House Ways and Means Committee serving as the main House backer of the Butch Lewis bill, it seems plausible, if not likely, that the House will pass that bill. But its chances in the Senate remain grim
The conventional wisdom is that the longer Congress waits to act, the worse it will get. Among the key worries is the “contagion affect” — the idea that if those pensions fail, others will follow, cascading to create a financial crisis.
David Brenner, senior vice president and National Director of Multiemployer Consulting for Segal Consulting, said the government has an obligation to help because it contributed to the problem in the first place.
The deregulation of the trucking industry in the 1970s - a government action - as well as market crashes because of a deregulation of Wall Street contributed to the affected pensions’ troubles. “When you look at the roots of the problem, the government has a very heavy hand in it, which is something not a lot of people pay attention to it,” he said.
Despite the committee’s failure, he’s optimistic.
He said if the plans default, the government may ultimately be on the hook.
“If these plans go under, where are people going to go? They’ll start relying more on the social safety net and government programs. One way or the other, someone’s going to pay for this.”
Walden predicts that there will be little action on the issue until March or April, as Congress deals with the aftermath of the shutdown and basic organizational work.
He said there’s been something of a sea change among Republicans, an urgency that may translate to action. “People are concerned on both sides of the aisle,” he said, but added “we’re all just kind of waiting around to see what they come up with before we make our next move.”
Both he and Rita Lewis are troubled that so little attention is being paid to the issue. When the government shutdown, 800,000 people lost their paychecks. While it was appropriate that so many worried about them, they argue that the pension crisis merits attention, too.
“We just went and spent $11 billion on the shutdown,” said Rita Lewis, referring to the costs of closing the government for 35 days. “We could’ve used that money to secure our pensions.”