In this Aug. 1958 file photo, South African leader Nelson Mandela leaves a synagogue, being used as a court, in Pretoria, South Africa, at the end of the day's proceedings during the first treason trial. The Treason Trial was a trial in which 156 people, including Nelson Mandela, were arrested in a raid and accused of treason in South Africa in 1956. The main trial lasted until 1961, when all of the defendants were found not guilty.
Nelson Mandela and his wife, Winnie, walking hand in hand, with raised, clenched fists upon Mandela's release from Victor Verster Prison, in Paari, South Africa February 11, 1990. Mandela put 27 years as a political prisoner behind him and negotiated with the apartheid oppressors to launch the country's first democratic elections in 1994.
Veteran anti-apartheid activist Helen Suzman, right, holds hands with Nelson Mandela, when Suzman visited Mandela at his Soweto, South Africa, home. Suzman visited Mandela, the head of the then banned African National Congress, in prison in 1967 and became well-known for her campaigns against the injustices of apartheid.
British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, left, shakes hands with ANC deputy leader Nelson Mandela outside 10 Downing Street, London, prior to talks and a luncheon. Nineteen years after the end of apartheid, South Africans are still passionately divided over whether Margaret Thatcher helped or hindered the demise of the cruel system of white rule and prolonged the jailing of Nelson Mandela.
South African President Nelson Mandela and his wife, Winnie, are shown during an appearance together in Durban, South Africa. Mandela accused his estranged wife of adultery, telling a divorce court Monday, March 18, 1996, that he was determined to end a marriage that "exists only on paper.''
African National Congress President, Nelson Mandela, center, holds up his hands with Rev. Joseph Lowery, left, and Rev. Walter Kimbrough after speaking to the congregation of Cascade United Methodist Church in Atlanta. Mandela's visit to Atlanta is part of a nation-wide fund-raising campaign.
South African President Nelson Mandela, center, gestures during a press conference with Zairean President Mobutu Sese Seko, left, and rebel leader Laurent-Desire Kabila, right, aboard the SAS Outeniqua in Pointe Noire harbour, Congo, Sunday May 4, 1997, after the first face-to-face peace talks between the two rivals.
South Africa's home affairs minister and leader of the Zulu Inkatha Freedom Party, Mangosuthu Buthelesi, left, shakes hands with South African President Nelson Mandela during a meeting in August 1995 . Mandela announced Friday Jan. 31, 1997, that Buthelezi will be acting president while President Nelson Mandela and Deputy President Thabo Mbeki attend a meeting of the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland on Monday.
President Clinton and South African President Nelson Mandela peer through the bars of prison cell No. 5, the cramped, gray cell where Mandela was jailed for 18 years in his struggle against apartheid, Friday March 27, 1998 on Robben Island, South Africa. 'Thank God that the person who occupied the cell was able to live all those years in that way without having his heart turned to stone, without giving up on his dream for South Africa,'' Clinton said.