To balance out all the metrics, researchers then created a standard deviation (or Z-score) for each metro based on the survey answers and data collected from the Census Bureau, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Department of Labor and other reputable sources.
According to the ranking, if you're looking for high desirability and net migration, Austin, Texas, is the place to be. It's Austin's third consecutive year at No. 1. The city, which earned a 7.6 Z-score, also ranked fourth in U.S. News' "Best Places to Retire" analysis.