Nobel Peace Prize awarded to journalists Ressa and Muratov

FILE - A combo of file images of Novaya Gazeta editor Dmitry Muratov, left, and of Rappler CEO and Executive Editor Maria Ressa. On Friday, Oct. 8, 2021 the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia for their fight for freedom of expression. (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko and Aaron Favila, File)
Caption
FILE - A combo of file images of Novaya Gazeta editor Dmitry Muratov, left, and of Rappler CEO and Executive Editor Maria Ressa. On Friday, Oct. 8, 2021 the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia for their fight for freedom of expression. (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko and Aaron Favila, File)

Credit: Alexander Zemlianichenko/Aaron Favila

Credit: Alexander Zemlianichenko/Aaron Favila

Journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia have won the Nobel Peace Prize

MOSCOW (AP) — Journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia won the 2021 Nobel Peace Prize on Friday for their fight for freedom of expression in countries where reporters have faced persistent attacks, harassment and even murder.

Ressa and Muratov were honored for their “courageous” work but also were considered “representatives of all journalists who stand up for this ideal in a world in which democracy and freedom of the press face increasingly adverse conditions,” said Berit Reiss-Andersen, chair of the Norwegian Nobel Committee.

Ressa in 2012 co-founded Rappler, a news website that the committee noted had focused critical attention on President Rodrigo Duterte's "controversial, murderous anti-drug campaign" in the Philippines.

She and Rappler “have also documented how social media is being used to spread fake news, harass opponents and manipulate public discourse,” it said.

Muratov was one of the founders in 1993 of the independent Russian newspaper Novaya Gazeta, which the Nobel committee called “the most independent newspaper in Russia today, with a fundamentally critical attitude towards power.”

“The newspaper’s fact-based journalism and professional integrity have made it an important source of information on censurable aspects of Russian society rarely mentioned by other media,” it added, noting that six of its journalists were killed since its founding.

Ressa, the first Filipino to win the peace prize and the first woman to be honored this year with an award by the Nobel committee, was convicted last year of libel and sentenced to jail in a decision seen as a major blow to press global freedom.

Currently out on bail but facing seven active legal cases, Ressa, 58, said she hopes the award will bolster investigative journalism “that will hold power to account.”

“This relentless campaign of harassment and intimidation against me and my fellow journalists in the Philippines is a stark example of a global trend,” she told The Associated Press.

She also pointed to social media giants like Facebook as a serious threat to democracy, saying “they actually prioritized the spread of lies laced with anger and hate over facts.”

“I didn’t think that what we are going through would get that attention. But the fact that it did also shows you how important the battles we face are, right?" she said. "This is going to be what our elections are going to be like next year. It is a battle for facts. When you’re in a battle for facts, journalism is activism.”

Muratov, 59, said he sees the prize as an award to Novaya Gazeta journalists and contributors who were killed, including Anna Politkovskaya, who covered Russia’s bloody conflict in Chechnya.

“It’s a recognition of the memory of our fallen colleagues,” he said.

“Since the Nobel Peace Prize isn’t awarded posthumously, they came up with this so that Anya could take it, but through other, second hands," Muratov said, referring to Politkovskaya.

According to the Committee to Protect Journalists, 17 media workers were killed in the Philippines in the last decade and 23 in Russia.

Muratov said he would use part of his share of the 10 million Swedish kronor (over $1.14 million) prize money to help independent media as well as a Moscow hospice and children with spinal muscular problems. He said he wouldn't keep any of the money himself.

Former Soviet leader and 1990 Nobel Peace Prize laureate Mikhail Gorbachev used some of his award to help fund what would become Novaya Gazeta. He congratulated Muratov, calling him "a wonderful, brave and honest journalist and my friend.”

Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov also praised Muratov as a “talented and brave” person who “has consistently worked in accordance with his ideals.”

But Mikhail Ulyanov, Russia’s envoy to international organizations in Vienna, tweeted that Novaya Gazeta’s editorial policy “has nothing to do with strengthening peace” and that “such controversial decisions diminish the value of the Prize.”

Moscow-based political analyst Abbas Gallyamov said the award marked “a painful strike to the Russian authorities ... because the freedom of speech and the principles of independent journalism are an evil in the eyes of Russian authorities."

As part of a new crackdown on independent journalists in Russia under President Vladimir Putin, the government has designated some of them “foreign agents,” saying they received funding from abroad and engaged in undescribed “political activities.” Muratov said he asked government officials who congratulated him if he would now also receive that designation, but received no reply.

The state RIA Novosti news agency quoted lawmaker Alexander Bashkin as saying the Nobel wouldn’t fall under the definition of foreign funding under the bill on foreign agents. Hours after the prize announcement, the Russian Justice Ministry added nine more journalists to its list of foreign agents.

Muratov on Friday denounced the foreign agent bill as a “shameless” attempt to muzzle independent voices.

Referring to the hopes by many in Russia that the prize should go to imprisoned opposition leader Alexei Navalny, Muratov said he would have voted for him if he were on the committee, saying that he admires Navalny's courage and adding that “everything is still ahead for him.”

Some critics have questioned if honoring journalists respected the will of Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel and its original purpose to prevent war, but Reiss-Andersen said freedom of expression was essential to peace.

“Free, independent and fact-based journalism serves to protect against abuse of power, lies and war propaganda,” she said. “Without freedom of expression and freedom of the press, it will be difficult to successfully promote fraternity between nations, disarmament and a better world order to succeed in our time.”

She also cited the danger of misinformation and attacks on journalists by leaders denouncing them as purveyors of “fake news.”

“Conveying fake news and information that is propaganda and untrue is also a violation of freedom of expression, and all freedom of expression has its limitations. That is also a very important factor in this debate,” she said.

Media rights group Reporters Without Borders celebrated the announcement, expressing “joy and urgency.”

Director Christophe Deloire called it "an extraordinary tribute to journalism, an excellent tribute to all journalists who take risks everywhere around the world to defend the right to information.”

"Journalism is in danger, journalism is weakened, journalism is threatened. Democracies are weakened by disinformation, by rumors, by hate speech,” said Deloire, whose group has worked with Ressa and Muratov to defend defend journalism in their countries and comes under regular criticism from authoritarian governments.

U.S. President Joe Biden congratulated Ressa and Muratov for the “much-deserved honor.”

"Ressa, Muratov, and journalists like them all around the world are on the front lines of a global battle for the very idea of the truth, and I, along with people everywhere, am grateful for their groundbreaking work to ‘hold the line,’ as Ressa so often says,” Biden said in a statement.

After the announcement, the Nobel committee itself was put on the spot when a reporter asked about its decision to award the 2019 peace prize to Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, who has since become entangled in a domestic conflict with the powerful Tigray region.

“Today, I will not comment on other Nobel laureates and other issues than we have on the table today, but I can mention that the situation for freedom of press in Ethiopia is very far from ideal and is facing severe restrictions,” Reiss-Andersen said.

In other awards announced this week by the Nobel Committee:

— The medicine prize went to Americans David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian for their discoveries into how the human body perceives temperature and touch.

— The physics prize went to three scientists whose work found order in seeming disorder, helping to explain and predict complex forces of nature, including expanding understanding of climate change.

— The chemistry prize went to Benjamin List and David W.C. MacMillan for finding an easier and environmentally cleaner way to build molecules that can be used to make compounds, including medicines and pesticides.

— The literature prize went to U.K.-based Tanzanian writer Abdulrazak Gurnah, for his "uncompromising and compassionate penetration of the effects of colonialism and the fate of the refugee."

The economics prize will be awarded Monday.

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Gera reported from Warsaw, Poland, and Rosario reported from Manila. Kostya Manenkov in Moscow, Masha Macpherson in Paris, Jan M. Olsen in Copenhagen, Denmark, and Frank Jordans in Berlin contributed.

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Read more stories about Nobel Prizes past and present by The Associated Press at https://www.apnews.com/NobelPrizes

In this photo provided by the Rappler, Rappler CEO and Executive Editor Maria Ressa reacts after hearing of her winning the Nobel Peace Prize inside her home in Taguig, Metro Manila, Philippines, Friday, Oct. 8, 2021. The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia for their fight for freedom of expression. (Rappler via AP)
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In this photo provided by the Rappler, Rappler CEO and Executive Editor Maria Ressa reacts after hearing of her winning the Nobel Peace Prize inside her home in Taguig, Metro Manila, Philippines, Friday, Oct. 8, 2021. The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia for their fight for freedom of expression. (Rappler via AP)

Credit: Uncredited

Credit: Uncredited

Novaya Gazeta editor Dmitry Muratov talks to media at the Novaya Gazeta newspaper, in Moscow, Russia, Friday, Oct. 8, 2021. The 2021 Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia. The Norwegian Nobel Committee cited their fight for freedom of expression, stressing that it is vital in promoting peace. (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko)
Caption
Novaya Gazeta editor Dmitry Muratov talks to media at the Novaya Gazeta newspaper, in Moscow, Russia, Friday, Oct. 8, 2021. The 2021 Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia. The Norwegian Nobel Committee cited their fight for freedom of expression, stressing that it is vital in promoting peace. (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko)

Credit: Alexander Zemlianichenko

Credit: Alexander Zemlianichenko

Colleagues pour champaign on Novaya Gazeta editor Dmitry Muratov at the Novaya Gazeta newspaper, in Moscow, Russia, Friday, Oct. 8, 2021. The 2021 Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia. The Norwegian Nobel Committee cited their fight for freedom of expression, stressing that it is vital in promoting peace. (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko)
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Colleagues pour champaign on Novaya Gazeta editor Dmitry Muratov at the Novaya Gazeta newspaper, in Moscow, Russia, Friday, Oct. 8, 2021. The 2021 Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia. The Norwegian Nobel Committee cited their fight for freedom of expression, stressing that it is vital in promoting peace. (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko)

Credit: Alexander Zemlianichenko

Credit: Alexander Zemlianichenko

FILE - In this Dec. 3, 2018 file photo, Maria Ressa, CEO of Rappler, an online news service, who has been critical of the government of Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte, shows documents after posting bail at the Pasig Regional Trial Court in metropolitan Manila, Philippines. On Friday, Oct. 8, 2021 the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia for their fight for freedom of expression.  (AP Photo/Aaron Favila, file)
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FILE - In this Dec. 3, 2018 file photo, Maria Ressa, CEO of Rappler, an online news service, who has been critical of the government of Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte, shows documents after posting bail at the Pasig Regional Trial Court in metropolitan Manila, Philippines. On Friday, Oct. 8, 2021 the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia for their fight for freedom of expression. (AP Photo/Aaron Favila, file)

Credit: Aaron Favila

Credit: Aaron Favila

FILE - In this Feb. 14, 2019 file photo Maria Ressa, center, the award-winning head of a Philippine online news site Rappler, listens to a reporter's question after posting bail at a Regional Trial Court following an overnight arrest by National Bureau of Investigation agents on a libel case in Manila, Philippines. On Friday, Oct. 8, 2021 the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia for their fight for freedom of expression. (AP Photo/Bullit Marquez, File)
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FILE - In this Feb. 14, 2019 file photo Maria Ressa, center, the award-winning head of a Philippine online news site Rappler, listens to a reporter's question after posting bail at a Regional Trial Court following an overnight arrest by National Bureau of Investigation agents on a libel case in Manila, Philippines. On Friday, Oct. 8, 2021 the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia for their fight for freedom of expression. (AP Photo/Bullit Marquez, File)

Credit: Bullit Marquez

Credit: Bullit Marquez

Colleagues congratulate Novaya Gazeta editor Dmitry Muratov at the Novaya Gazeta newspaper, in Moscow, Russia, Friday, Oct. 8, 2021. The 2021 Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia. The Norwegian Nobel Committee cited their fight for freedom of expression, stressing that it is vital in promoting peace. (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko)
Caption
Colleagues congratulate Novaya Gazeta editor Dmitry Muratov at the Novaya Gazeta newspaper, in Moscow, Russia, Friday, Oct. 8, 2021. The 2021 Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia. The Norwegian Nobel Committee cited their fight for freedom of expression, stressing that it is vital in promoting peace. (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko)

Credit: Alexander Zemlianichenko

Credit: Alexander Zemlianichenko

FILE - In this Friday, Oct. 9, 2015 file photo, Dmitry Muratov, the editor of Novaya Gazeta, center left, attends a planning meeting with the editorial board, in Moscow, Russia. The Norwegian Nobel Committee on Friday, Oct. 8, 2021 awarded the Nobel Peace Prize to journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia for their fight for freedom of expression.  (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko, File)
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FILE - In this Friday, Oct. 9, 2015 file photo, Dmitry Muratov, the editor of Novaya Gazeta, center left, attends a planning meeting with the editorial board, in Moscow, Russia. The Norwegian Nobel Committee on Friday, Oct. 8, 2021 awarded the Nobel Peace Prize to journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia for their fight for freedom of expression. (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko, File)

Credit: Alexander Zemlianichenko

Credit: Alexander Zemlianichenko

Novaya Gazeta editor Dmitry Muratov talks to media at the Novaya Gazeta newspaper, in Moscow, Russia, Friday, Oct. 8, 2021. The 2021 Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia. The Norwegian Nobel Committee cited their fight for freedom of expression, stressing that it is vital in promoting peace. (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko)
Caption
Novaya Gazeta editor Dmitry Muratov talks to media at the Novaya Gazeta newspaper, in Moscow, Russia, Friday, Oct. 8, 2021. The 2021 Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia. The Norwegian Nobel Committee cited their fight for freedom of expression, stressing that it is vital in promoting peace. (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko)

Credit: Alexander Zemlianichenko

Credit: Alexander Zemlianichenko

FILE - In this May 30, 2007 file photo, Russian daily Novaya Gazeta's Editor-in-Chief Dmitry Muratov, left, and former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev attend a presentation of slain journalist Anna Politkovskaya's book "Why" in the Gorbachev's Foundation in Moscow, Russia. The Norwegian Nobel Committee on Friday, Oct. 8, 2021 awarded the Nobel Peace Prize to journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia for their fight for freedom of expression.  (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko, File)
Caption
FILE - In this May 30, 2007 file photo, Russian daily Novaya Gazeta's Editor-in-Chief Dmitry Muratov, left, and former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev attend a presentation of slain journalist Anna Politkovskaya's book "Why" in the Gorbachev's Foundation in Moscow, Russia. The Norwegian Nobel Committee on Friday, Oct. 8, 2021 awarded the Nobel Peace Prize to journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia for their fight for freedom of expression. (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko, File)

Credit: Alexander Zemlianichenko

Credit: Alexander Zemlianichenko

FILE - In this Sept. 21, 2020 file photo, Rappler CEO and Executive Editor Maria Ressa gestures outside the Court of Tax Appeals in Quezon city, Philippines. On Friday, Oct. 8, 2021 the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia for their fight for freedom of expression.  (AP Photo/Aaron Favila, file)
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FILE - In this Sept. 21, 2020 file photo, Rappler CEO and Executive Editor Maria Ressa gestures outside the Court of Tax Appeals in Quezon city, Philippines. On Friday, Oct. 8, 2021 the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia for their fight for freedom of expression. (AP Photo/Aaron Favila, file)

Credit: Aaron Favila

Credit: Aaron Favila

FILE - In this April 16, 2019 file photo Rappler CEO and Executive Editor Maria Ressa gestures after attending a hearing at the Manila Regional Trial Court, Philippines. On Friday, Oct. 8, 2021 the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia for their fight for freedom of expression. (AP Photo/Aaron Favila, File)
Caption
FILE - In this April 16, 2019 file photo Rappler CEO and Executive Editor Maria Ressa gestures after attending a hearing at the Manila Regional Trial Court, Philippines. On Friday, Oct. 8, 2021 the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia for their fight for freedom of expression. (AP Photo/Aaron Favila, File)

Credit: Aaron Favila

Credit: Aaron Favila

FILE - In this Nov. 8, 2018 file photo, former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, right, and Dmitry Muratov, former editor of Novaya Gazeta attend the Moscow premier of a film made by Werner Herzog and British filmmaker Andre Singer based on their conversations, in Moscow, Russia. The Norwegian Nobel Committee on Friday, Oct. 8, 2021 awareded the Nobel Peace Prize to journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia for their fight for freedom of expression. (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko, File)
Caption
FILE - In this Nov. 8, 2018 file photo, former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, right, and Dmitry Muratov, former editor of Novaya Gazeta attend the Moscow premier of a film made by Werner Herzog and British filmmaker Andre Singer based on their conversations, in Moscow, Russia. The Norwegian Nobel Committee on Friday, Oct. 8, 2021 awareded the Nobel Peace Prize to journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia for their fight for freedom of expression. (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko, File)

Credit: Alexander Zemlianichenko

Credit: Alexander Zemlianichenko

FILE - In this Tuesday, Oct. 7, 2008 file photo, editor at the independent newspaper Novaya Gazeta Dmitry Muratov, right, flanked by opposition politician Boris Nemtsov, speaks at a rally to remember slain Russian reporter Anna Politkovskaya in downtown Moscow, Russia. The Norwegian Nobel Committee on Friday, Oct. 8, 2021 awarded the Nobel Peace Prize to journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia for their fight for freedom of expression.  (AP Photo/Mikhail Metzel, File)
Caption
FILE - In this Tuesday, Oct. 7, 2008 file photo, editor at the independent newspaper Novaya Gazeta Dmitry Muratov, right, flanked by opposition politician Boris Nemtsov, speaks at a rally to remember slain Russian reporter Anna Politkovskaya in downtown Moscow, Russia. The Norwegian Nobel Committee on Friday, Oct. 8, 2021 awarded the Nobel Peace Prize to journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia for their fight for freedom of expression. (AP Photo/Mikhail Metzel, File)

Credit: Mikhail Metzel

Credit: Mikhail Metzel

Novaya Gazeta editor Dmitry Muratov, left, and The Ekho Moskvy (Echo of Moscow) radio station's editor-in-chief, Alexei Venediktov walk at the Novaya Gazeta newspaper, in Moscow, Russia, Thursday, Oct. 7, 2021. On Friday, Oct. 8, 2021 the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia for their fight for freedom of expression.  (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko, File)
Caption
Novaya Gazeta editor Dmitry Muratov, left, and The Ekho Moskvy (Echo of Moscow) radio station's editor-in-chief, Alexei Venediktov walk at the Novaya Gazeta newspaper, in Moscow, Russia, Thursday, Oct. 7, 2021. On Friday, Oct. 8, 2021 the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia for their fight for freedom of expression. (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko, File)

Credit: Alexander Zemlianichenko

Credit: Alexander Zemlianichenko

A reporter takes a picture of a board with a portrait of Maria Ressa of the Philippines after the announcement of the Nobel Peace Prize, in the headquarters of Reporters without Borders, known by its French acronym RSF, in Paris, Friday, Oct. 8, 2021. The Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia. They were citing for their fight for freedom of expression. (AP Photo/Francois Mori)
Caption
A reporter takes a picture of a board with a portrait of Maria Ressa of the Philippines after the announcement of the Nobel Peace Prize, in the headquarters of Reporters without Borders, known by its French acronym RSF, in Paris, Friday, Oct. 8, 2021. The Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia. They were citing for their fight for freedom of expression. (AP Photo/Francois Mori)

Credit: Francois Mori

Credit: Francois Mori