School kidnappings by gunmen — whom analysts identify as mostly young, former nomadic cattle herders — have taken place in nine different states, and targets have included everyone from preschoolers to university students.
The military is now carrying out special operations in Zamfara state to root out the attackers, known as bandits, from their hideouts.
Schools are set to open and begin the academic year this month, but many educational facilities have been shut by some governors in the northwest and central parts of Nigeria amid efforts to contain the security challenge.
Last week, as news broke of the abduction of 73 students in Zamfara, authorities closed down all primary and secondary schools across the state and three days later, local media reported that the telecommunications access in the state has been blocked.
Some of the freed schoolchildren have told AP that they were warned not to return to school or they would face further violence.
“They asked us not to go back to school, that they will make sure they shut down all the schools in Kaduna state,” said 20-year-old Victory Sani, who was one of the nearly 40 students who were held by gunmen in a forest for seven weeks after they were kidnapped in Kaduna State.
Nineteen-year-old Loveth Daniel, who was also abducted in that attack in Kaduna in March this year, told AP that she does not plan to return to school again in Nigeria. “If God opens the way for me, seriously, I don’t wish to go to any school as far as it is (in) Nigeria,” she said. “I am not going to any school in Nigeria again.”
The health of the freed students is also a source of concern. Some of those who have been seized from their schools are as young as 4, and parents have told the AP that after selling off most of what they have to pay for ransoms demanded by the gunmen, they now don’t have enough to pay their children’s medical bills.
“We struggled in prayer to rescue them (and) we have to struggle hard to improve their health,” said Saidu Tegina, whose two children were among the 91 pupils kidnapped in Niger State.
Nigeria's federal and state governments should “do more” to protect schools from attacks, said U.N. coordinator Kallon. That's a challenging task for Nigerian security forces who have multiple security challenges in various parts of the country.
In Kankara in Katsina state where more than 300 schoolchildren were kidnapped from a boarding school in December before they were later released, the government closed down the facility and transferred the remaining students to another school.
Musbau Murnai, whose 12-year-old son was among those kidnapped and later released, told AP that his son will remain at home until the security situation improves.
“You cannot go anywhere (in the community) because of fear of attack,” he said, describing how a teacher at a nearby school was recently abducted.