Indigenous Peoples Day marked with celebrations, protests

The words "Expect Us" are spray painted on the base of the Andrew Jackson statue in Lafayette Park as Indigenous and environmental activists protest in front of the White House in Washington, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. The words are part of the phrase "Respect Us, or Expect Us" which indigenous women have been using while protesting oil company Enbridge's Line 3 pipeline through Minnesota. President Joe Biden on Friday issued the first-ever presidential proclamation of Indigenous Peoples' Day, lending the most significant boost yet to efforts to refocus the federal holiday celebrating Christopher Columbus toward an appreciation of Native peoples. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Caption
The words "Expect Us" are spray painted on the base of the Andrew Jackson statue in Lafayette Park as Indigenous and environmental activists protest in front of the White House in Washington, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. The words are part of the phrase "Respect Us, or Expect Us" which indigenous women have been using while protesting oil company Enbridge's Line 3 pipeline through Minnesota. President Joe Biden on Friday issued the first-ever presidential proclamation of Indigenous Peoples' Day, lending the most significant boost yet to efforts to refocus the federal holiday celebrating Christopher Columbus toward an appreciation of Native peoples. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)

Credit: Andrew Harnik

Credit: Andrew Harnik

Indigenous people marked Monday with celebrations of their heritage, education campaigns and a push for the Biden administration to make good on its word

FLAGSTAFF, Ariz. (AP) — Indigenous people across the United States marked Monday with celebrations of their heritage, education campaigns and a push for the Biden administration to make good on its word.

The federal holiday created decades ago to recognize Christopher Columbus’ sighting in 1492 of what came to be known as the Americas increasingly has been rebranded as Indigenous Peoples Day.

For Michaela Pavlat, cultural interpreter at the National Museum of the American Indian in Washington, the day is one of celebration, reflection and recognition that Indigenous communities are fighting for land rights, for the U.S. government to uphold treaties, and for visibility and understanding.

“As long as you're on Native land and stolen land, it's Indigenous Peoples Day,” said Pavlat, who is Sault Ste. Marie Band of Chippewa Indians (Anishinaabe). “We have a lot of movement and a lot of issues we're facing in our communities, and you can have that conversation every day.”

EVENTS THIS YEAR

More than a dozen protesters linked arms and sat along the White House fence line Monday to call on the Biden administration to do more to combat climate change and ban fossil fuels. Others cheered and chanted in support from across the street as police blocked off the area with yellow tape and arrested the seated protesters.

The Andrew Jackson statue at the center of Lafayette Park was defaced with the words “Expect Us” — part of a rallying cry used by Indigenous people who have been fighting against fossil fuel pipelines. Jackson, a slave-owning president, forced Cherokees and many other Native Americans on deadly marches out of their southern homelands.

“Indigenous people have been on the front lines of protecting the land, the people, and it's time for the government and these huge systems to do more,” said Angel Charley, of Laguna Pueblo in New Mexico, who was among the protesters.

Indigenous groups also planned protests in Santa Fe and Albuquerque, New Mexico.

At the Boston Marathon, race organizers honored 1936 and '39 winner Ellison "Tarzan" Brown and three-time runner-up Patti Catalano Dillon, a member of the Mi'kmaq tribe. Interior Secretary Deb Haaland, a member of Laguna Pueblo, said she ran for missing and slain Indigenous people and their families, the victims of the boarding school era and the "promise that our voices are being heard and will have a part in an equitable and just future in this new era."

Others gathered for prayers, dances and other commemorations in cities across the U.S.

On social media, people posted educational resources that included maps of Indigenous land, ways to support Indigenous communities, and recommendations for television shows and films that prominently feature Indigenous people, like “Reservation Dogs.”

WHAT'S NEW?

President Joe Biden last week issued the first presidential proclamation of Indigenous Peoples Day, the most significant boost yet to efforts to refocus Columbus Day in recognition of the Italian explorer's brutal treatment of people who already occupied what came to be known as the Americas.

About 20 states observe Indigenous Peoples Day by law, through proclamation or other action, along with cities and universities across the country.

Oregon recognized Indigenous Peoples Day on Monday, months after its Legislature overwhelmingly approved a bill in support of the change from Columbus Day.

In Wisconsin, Gov. Tony Evers joined the leaders from tribes in the state and issued a formal apology for Wisconsin's role in Native American boarding schools era.

NOT JUST A CELEBRATION

The Smithsonian's National Museum of the American Indian on Monday hosted a virtual conversation about mixed Black and Indigenous identity and how the struggles of one side sometimes get overshadowed by the other.

Joy SpearChief-Morris pointed to the Civil Rights movement and the Red Power movement, which included the Native American occupation of Alcatraz Island off the coast of San Francisco more than 50 years ago.

“Both groups supported each other, but we don't really talk about the Red Power movement,” said SpearChief-Morris, who is African American and Kainai Nation (Blood Tribe) from Canada.

The panelists noted that Afro-Indigenous identity goes back generations.

“Everything that we do is to bring about Black liberation and Indigenous sovereignty on this land and to dismantle white supremacy and settler colonialism,” said Amber Starks, who is African American and a citizen of the Muscogee (Creek) Nation. “And I'd like to add racial capitalism”

Kyle Mays, an assistant professor at the University of California-Los Angeles who is Black and Saginaw Anishinaabe, acknowledged the work isn't easy.

While Indigenous Peoples Day is “cool," he said, “I don't want a day for celebration. I want justice."

___ Associated Press writers Zeke Miller in Washington, Jimmy Golen in Washington and Scott Bauer in Madison, Wisconsin, contributed to this story. Fonseca is a member of the AP’s Race and Ethnicity team. Follow her on Twitter at https://twitter.com/FonsecaAP

Indigenous and environmental activists protest in front of the White House in Washington, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. President Joe Biden on Friday issued the first-ever presidential proclamation of Indigenous Peoples' Day, lending the most significant boost yet to efforts to refocus the federal holiday celebrating Christopher Columbus toward an appreciation of Native peoples. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Caption
Indigenous and environmental activists protest in front of the White House in Washington, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. President Joe Biden on Friday issued the first-ever presidential proclamation of Indigenous Peoples' Day, lending the most significant boost yet to efforts to refocus the federal holiday celebrating Christopher Columbus toward an appreciation of Native peoples. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)

Credit: Andrew Harnik

Credit: Andrew Harnik

Tatanka Gibson of the Haliwa-Saponi/Nansemond Tribal Nations leads attendees in song and dance during a gathering marking Indigenous Peoples' Day at Penn Treaty Park in Philadelphia, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. (AP Photo/Matt Rourke)
Caption
Tatanka Gibson of the Haliwa-Saponi/Nansemond Tribal Nations leads attendees in song and dance during a gathering marking Indigenous Peoples' Day at Penn Treaty Park in Philadelphia, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. (AP Photo/Matt Rourke)

Credit: Matt Rourke

Credit: Matt Rourke

Supporters hold signs and listen to speakers at Pottawattomie Park on N. Rogers Avenue in the Rogers Park neighborhood of Chicago to protest after Cook County Commissioners refused to advance a measure replacing Columbus Day with Indigenous Peoples Day, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. (Anthony Vazquez/Chicago Sun-Times via AP)
Caption
Supporters hold signs and listen to speakers at Pottawattomie Park on N. Rogers Avenue in the Rogers Park neighborhood of Chicago to protest after Cook County Commissioners refused to advance a measure replacing Columbus Day with Indigenous Peoples Day, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. (Anthony Vazquez/Chicago Sun-Times via AP)

Credit: Anthony Vazquez

Credit: Anthony Vazquez

Participants make a great circle for prayer around a baseball diamond during commemorations for Indigenous Peoples' Day in Great Barrington, Mass., on Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. (Ben Garver/The Berkshire Eagle via AP)
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Participants make a great circle for prayer around a baseball diamond during commemorations for Indigenous Peoples' Day in Great Barrington, Mass., on Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. (Ben Garver/The Berkshire Eagle via AP)

Credit: Ben Garver

Credit: Ben Garver

Ruben Flores blows into a conch shell during the Blessing of the Four Directions at the 29th annual Peace and Dignity Observance on Monday, Oct. 11, 2021 at Mott Community College in Flint. (Jake May/The Flint Journal via AP)
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Ruben Flores blows into a conch shell during the Blessing of the Four Directions at the 29th annual Peace and Dignity Observance on Monday, Oct. 11, 2021 at Mott Community College in Flint. (Jake May/The Flint Journal via AP)

Credit: Jake May

Credit: Jake May

Jake Singer and Shawn Stevens prepare to make offerings to the Housatonic River for the celebration of Indigenous Peoples' Day in Great Barrington, Mass., on Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. (Ben Garver/The Berkshire Eagle via AP)
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Jake Singer and Shawn Stevens prepare to make offerings to the Housatonic River for the celebration of Indigenous Peoples' Day in Great Barrington, Mass., on Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. (Ben Garver/The Berkshire Eagle via AP)

Credit: Ben Garver

Credit: Ben Garver

SALEM, Oregon – Tobin Waller, of Salem, Oregon, a member of the Ojibwe tribe, dances to drummers pounding a beat as Oregon celebrated its first-ever Indigenous Peoples Day, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021, in Salem, Ore. (AP Photo/Andrew Selsky)
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SALEM, Oregon – Tobin Waller, of Salem, Oregon, a member of the Ojibwe tribe, dances to drummers pounding a beat as Oregon celebrated its first-ever Indigenous Peoples Day, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021, in Salem, Ore. (AP Photo/Andrew Selsky)

Credit: Andrew Selsky

Credit: Andrew Selsky

Indigenous and environmental activists protest in front of the White House in Washington, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. President Joe Biden on Friday issued the first-ever presidential proclamation of Indigenous Peoples' Day, lending the most significant boost yet to efforts to refocus the federal holiday celebrating Christopher Columbus toward an appreciation of Native peoples. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Caption
Indigenous and environmental activists protest in front of the White House in Washington, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. President Joe Biden on Friday issued the first-ever presidential proclamation of Indigenous Peoples' Day, lending the most significant boost yet to efforts to refocus the federal holiday celebrating Christopher Columbus toward an appreciation of Native peoples. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)

Credit: Andrew Harnik

Credit: Andrew Harnik

A man chants with a drum in front of a large depiction of "Mother River" and a sign depicting an indigenous child below a lump of coal as indigenous and environmental activists protest in front of the White House in Washington, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. President Joe Biden on Friday issued the first-ever presidential proclamation of Indigenous Peoples' Day, lending the most significant boost yet to efforts to refocus the federal holiday celebrating Christopher Columbus toward an appreciation of Native peoples. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Caption
A man chants with a drum in front of a large depiction of "Mother River" and a sign depicting an indigenous child below a lump of coal as indigenous and environmental activists protest in front of the White House in Washington, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. President Joe Biden on Friday issued the first-ever presidential proclamation of Indigenous Peoples' Day, lending the most significant boost yet to efforts to refocus the federal holiday celebrating Christopher Columbus toward an appreciation of Native peoples. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)

Credit: Andrew Harnik

Credit: Andrew Harnik

A large depiction of "Mother River" is visible as indigenous and environmental activists protest in front of the White House in Washington, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. President Joe Biden on Friday issued the first-ever presidential proclamation of Indigenous Peoples' Day, lending the most significant boost yet to efforts to refocus the federal holiday celebrating Christopher Columbus toward an appreciation of Native peoples. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Caption
A large depiction of "Mother River" is visible as indigenous and environmental activists protest in front of the White House in Washington, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. President Joe Biden on Friday issued the first-ever presidential proclamation of Indigenous Peoples' Day, lending the most significant boost yet to efforts to refocus the federal holiday celebrating Christopher Columbus toward an appreciation of Native peoples. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)

Credit: Andrew Harnik

Credit: Andrew Harnik

The White House is visible through a sign that reads "Stop Stealing" as indigenous and environmental activists protest in front of the White House in Washington, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. President Joe Biden on Friday issued the first-ever presidential proclamation of Indigenous Peoples' Day, lending the most significant boost yet to efforts to refocus the federal holiday celebrating Christopher Columbus toward an appreciation of Native peoples. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Caption
The White House is visible through a sign that reads "Stop Stealing" as indigenous and environmental activists protest in front of the White House in Washington, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. President Joe Biden on Friday issued the first-ever presidential proclamation of Indigenous Peoples' Day, lending the most significant boost yet to efforts to refocus the federal holiday celebrating Christopher Columbus toward an appreciation of Native peoples. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)

Credit: Andrew Harnik

Credit: Andrew Harnik

Wolf Ramerez of Houston, Texas, center, joins others with the Carrizo Comecrudo Tribe of Texas in holding up his fists as indigenous and environmental activists protest in front of the White House in Washington, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. President Joe Biden on Friday issued the first-ever presidential proclamation of Indigenous Peoples' Day, lending the most significant boost yet to efforts to refocus the federal holiday celebrating Christopher Columbus toward an appreciation of Native peoples. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Caption
Wolf Ramerez of Houston, Texas, center, joins others with the Carrizo Comecrudo Tribe of Texas in holding up his fists as indigenous and environmental activists protest in front of the White House in Washington, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. President Joe Biden on Friday issued the first-ever presidential proclamation of Indigenous Peoples' Day, lending the most significant boost yet to efforts to refocus the federal holiday celebrating Christopher Columbus toward an appreciation of Native peoples. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)

Credit: Andrew Harnik

Credit: Andrew Harnik

Indigenous and environmental activists protest in front of the White House in Washington, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. President Joe Biden on Friday issued the first-ever presidential proclamation of Indigenous Peoples' Day, lending the most significant boost yet to efforts to refocus the federal holiday celebrating Christopher Columbus toward an appreciation of Native peoples. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Caption
Indigenous and environmental activists protest in front of the White House in Washington, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. President Joe Biden on Friday issued the first-ever presidential proclamation of Indigenous Peoples' Day, lending the most significant boost yet to efforts to refocus the federal holiday celebrating Christopher Columbus toward an appreciation of Native peoples. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)

Credit: Andrew Harnik

Credit: Andrew Harnik

A man holds up a large feather as indigenous and environmental activists protest in front of the White House in Washington, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. President Joe Biden on Friday issued the first-ever presidential proclamation of Indigenous Peoples' Day, lending the most significant boost yet to efforts to refocus the federal holiday celebrating Christopher Columbus toward an appreciation of Native peoples. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Caption
A man holds up a large feather as indigenous and environmental activists protest in front of the White House in Washington, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. President Joe Biden on Friday issued the first-ever presidential proclamation of Indigenous Peoples' Day, lending the most significant boost yet to efforts to refocus the federal holiday celebrating Christopher Columbus toward an appreciation of Native peoples. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)

Credit: Andrew Harnik

Credit: Andrew Harnik

Indigenous and environmental activists are led out of a restricted area to be arrested during a protest in front of the White House in Washington, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. President Joe Biden on Friday issued the first-ever presidential proclamation of Indigenous Peoples' Day, lending the most significant boost yet to efforts to refocus the federal holiday celebrating Christopher Columbus toward an appreciation of Native peoples. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Caption
Indigenous and environmental activists are led out of a restricted area to be arrested during a protest in front of the White House in Washington, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. President Joe Biden on Friday issued the first-ever presidential proclamation of Indigenous Peoples' Day, lending the most significant boost yet to efforts to refocus the federal holiday celebrating Christopher Columbus toward an appreciation of Native peoples. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)

Credit: Andrew Harnik

Credit: Andrew Harnik

Indigenous and environmental activists protest in front of the White House in Washington, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. President Joe Biden on Friday issued the first-ever presidential proclamation of Indigenous Peoples' Day, lending the most significant boost yet to efforts to refocus the federal holiday celebrating Christopher Columbus toward an appreciation of Native peoples. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Caption
Indigenous and environmental activists protest in front of the White House in Washington, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. President Joe Biden on Friday issued the first-ever presidential proclamation of Indigenous Peoples' Day, lending the most significant boost yet to efforts to refocus the federal holiday celebrating Christopher Columbus toward an appreciation of Native peoples. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)

Credit: Andrew Harnik

Credit: Andrew Harnik

Rich Holschuh, a public liaison for the Elnu Abenaki Tribe, cuts the pegikedawasawa psanjagha, an Abenaki pumpkin dish, during Indigenous Peoples Day at the Retreat Farm, in Brattleboro, Vt., on Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. (Kristopher Radder/The Brattleboro Reformer via AP)
Caption
Rich Holschuh, a public liaison for the Elnu Abenaki Tribe, cuts the pegikedawasawa psanjagha, an Abenaki pumpkin dish, during Indigenous Peoples Day at the Retreat Farm, in Brattleboro, Vt., on Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. (Kristopher Radder/The Brattleboro Reformer via AP)

Credit: Kristopher Radder

Credit: Kristopher Radder

Signs are placed on a tree at Pottawattomie Park on N. Rogers Avenue in the Rogers Park neighborhood of Chicago to protest after Cook County Commissioners refused to advance a measure replacing Columbus Day with Indigenous Peoples Day, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. (Anthony Vazquez/Chicago Sun-Times via AP)
Caption
Signs are placed on a tree at Pottawattomie Park on N. Rogers Avenue in the Rogers Park neighborhood of Chicago to protest after Cook County Commissioners refused to advance a measure replacing Columbus Day with Indigenous Peoples Day, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. (Anthony Vazquez/Chicago Sun-Times via AP)

Credit: Anthony Vazquez

Credit: Anthony Vazquez

Sergio Ceron and Dave Spencer beat Native American drums during a gathering in support of Indigenous Peoples Day in Potawatomi Park on Monday, Oct. 11, 2021 in Chicago. (Stacey Wescott/Chicago Tribune via AP)
Caption
Sergio Ceron and Dave Spencer beat Native American drums during a gathering in support of Indigenous Peoples Day in Potawatomi Park on Monday, Oct. 11, 2021 in Chicago. (Stacey Wescott/Chicago Tribune via AP)

Credit: Stacey Wescott

Credit: Stacey Wescott

Kerri Helme, center, of the Mashpee Wampanoag Tribal Nation leads attendees in dance during a gathering marking Indigenous Peoples' Day at Penn Treaty Park in Philadelphia, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. (AP Photo/Matt Rourke)
Caption
Kerri Helme, center, of the Mashpee Wampanoag Tribal Nation leads attendees in dance during a gathering marking Indigenous Peoples' Day at Penn Treaty Park in Philadelphia, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. (AP Photo/Matt Rourke)

Credit: Matt Rourke

Credit: Matt Rourke

Tatanka Gibson of the Haliwa-Saponi/Nansemond Tribal Nations leads attendees in dance during a gathering marking Indigenous Peoples' Day at Penn Treaty Park in Philadelphia, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. (AP Photo/Matt Rourke)
Caption
Tatanka Gibson of the Haliwa-Saponi/Nansemond Tribal Nations leads attendees in dance during a gathering marking Indigenous Peoples' Day at Penn Treaty Park in Philadelphia, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. (AP Photo/Matt Rourke)

Credit: Matt Rourke

Credit: Matt Rourke

Signs are placed on a tree at Pottawattomie Park on N. Rogers Avenue in the Rogers Park neighborhood of Chicago to protest after Cook County Commissioners refused to advance a measure replacing Columbus Day with Indigenous Peoples Day, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. (Anthony Vazquez/Chicago Sun-Times via AP)
Caption
Signs are placed on a tree at Pottawattomie Park on N. Rogers Avenue in the Rogers Park neighborhood of Chicago to protest after Cook County Commissioners refused to advance a measure replacing Columbus Day with Indigenous Peoples Day, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. (Anthony Vazquez/Chicago Sun-Times via AP)

Credit: Anthony Vazquez

Credit: Anthony Vazquez

Protesters who remain in a closed section of Pennsylvania Ave. wait to be arrested as indigenous and environmental activists protest in front of the White House in Washington, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. President Joe Biden on Friday issued the first-ever presidential proclamation of Indigenous Peoples' Day, lending the most significant boost yet to efforts to refocus the federal holiday celebrating Christopher Columbus toward an appreciation of Native peoples. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Caption
Protesters who remain in a closed section of Pennsylvania Ave. wait to be arrested as indigenous and environmental activists protest in front of the White House in Washington, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. President Joe Biden on Friday issued the first-ever presidential proclamation of Indigenous Peoples' Day, lending the most significant boost yet to efforts to refocus the federal holiday celebrating Christopher Columbus toward an appreciation of Native peoples. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)

Credit: Andrew Harnik

Credit: Andrew Harnik

The words "Expect Us" are spray painted on the base of the Andrew Jackson statue in Lafayette Park as Indigenous and environmental activists protest in front of the White House in Washington, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. The words are part of the phrase "Respect Us, or Expect Us" which indigenous women have been using while protesting oil company Enbridge's Line 3 pipeline through Minnesota. President Joe Biden on Friday issued the first-ever presidential proclamation of Indigenous Peoples' Day, lending the most significant boost yet to efforts to refocus the federal holiday celebrating Christopher Columbus toward an appreciation of Native peoples. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Caption
The words "Expect Us" are spray painted on the base of the Andrew Jackson statue in Lafayette Park as Indigenous and environmental activists protest in front of the White House in Washington, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. The words are part of the phrase "Respect Us, or Expect Us" which indigenous women have been using while protesting oil company Enbridge's Line 3 pipeline through Minnesota. President Joe Biden on Friday issued the first-ever presidential proclamation of Indigenous Peoples' Day, lending the most significant boost yet to efforts to refocus the federal holiday celebrating Christopher Columbus toward an appreciation of Native peoples. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)

Credit: Andrew Harnik

Credit: Andrew Harnik

Indigenous and environmental activists protest in front of the White House in Washington, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. President Joe Biden on Friday issued the first-ever presidential proclamation of Indigenous Peoples' Day, lending the most significant boost yet to efforts to refocus the federal holiday celebrating Christopher Columbus toward an appreciation of Native peoples. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Caption
Indigenous and environmental activists protest in front of the White House in Washington, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. President Joe Biden on Friday issued the first-ever presidential proclamation of Indigenous Peoples' Day, lending the most significant boost yet to efforts to refocus the federal holiday celebrating Christopher Columbus toward an appreciation of Native peoples. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)

Credit: Andrew Harnik

Credit: Andrew Harnik

The words "Expect Us" are spray painted on the base of the Andrew Jackson statue in Lafayette Park as Indigenous and environmental activists protest in front of the White House in Washington, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. The words are part of the phrase "Respect Us, or Expect Us" which indigenous women have been using while protesting oil company Enbridge's Line 3 pipeline through Minnesota. President Joe Biden on Friday issued the first-ever presidential proclamation of Indigenous Peoples' Day, lending the most significant boost yet to efforts to refocus the federal holiday celebrating Christopher Columbus toward an appreciation of Native peoples. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Caption
The words "Expect Us" are spray painted on the base of the Andrew Jackson statue in Lafayette Park as Indigenous and environmental activists protest in front of the White House in Washington, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. The words are part of the phrase "Respect Us, or Expect Us" which indigenous women have been using while protesting oil company Enbridge's Line 3 pipeline through Minnesota. President Joe Biden on Friday issued the first-ever presidential proclamation of Indigenous Peoples' Day, lending the most significant boost yet to efforts to refocus the federal holiday celebrating Christopher Columbus toward an appreciation of Native peoples. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)

Credit: Andrew Harnik

Credit: Andrew Harnik

Maritza Garcia, a member of the Choctaw tribe from Mississippi, performs a jingle dance in Potawatomi Park on Monday, Oct. 11, 2021 in Chicago. Garcia, of Chicago, said the dance originated from the Ojibwa tribe and is meant dance of healing. People gathered in support of Indigenous Peoples Day replacing the holiday formerly known as Columbus Day. (Stacey Wescott/Chicago Tribune via AP)
Caption
Maritza Garcia, a member of the Choctaw tribe from Mississippi, performs a jingle dance in Potawatomi Park on Monday, Oct. 11, 2021 in Chicago. Garcia, of Chicago, said the dance originated from the Ojibwa tribe and is meant dance of healing. People gathered in support of Indigenous Peoples Day replacing the holiday formerly known as Columbus Day. (Stacey Wescott/Chicago Tribune via AP)

Credit: Stacey Wescott

Credit: Stacey Wescott

Indigenous and environmental activists protest in front of the White House in Washington, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. President Joe Biden on Friday issued the first-ever presidential proclamation of Indigenous Peoples' Day, lending the most significant boost yet to efforts to refocus the federal holiday celebrating Christopher Columbus toward an appreciation of Native peoples. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
Caption
Indigenous and environmental activists protest in front of the White House in Washington, Monday, Oct. 11, 2021. President Joe Biden on Friday issued the first-ever presidential proclamation of Indigenous Peoples' Day, lending the most significant boost yet to efforts to refocus the federal holiday celebrating Christopher Columbus toward an appreciation of Native peoples. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)

Credit: Andrew Harnik

Credit: Andrew Harnik